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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Home Sustainable Development
 
 
 
Promoting Sustainable Tourism
Adopted at the GLOBE International XIV General Assembly
Bonn, 22-25 August 1999
 
 
Noting the report on Tourism and Sustainable Development by the Secretary-General of the United Nations (January 1999);
 
Taking notice of the outcome of the Tourism Segment of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-7, April 1999);
 
Recognising that Tourism is now one of the world's largest industries and one of the fastest growing sectors in the global economy;
 
Aware that over the last two decades Tourism has become a major source of employment and income in many developing countries and that Tourism is the only major sector in international trade in services in which developing countries have consistently had surpluses with the rest of the world;
 
Aware however, that Tourism can introduce significant social and cultural changes among host communities, particularly in developing countries;
 
Particularly aware that Tourism in general produces adverse environmental impacts through its consumption of resources, the pollution and waste generated by the development of tourism infrastructures and facilities, transportation and tourist activities;
 
Further aware that indiscriminate and uncontrolled tourism development can encourage the intensive or inappropriate use of land, which can cause deforestation, soil erosion and loss of biological diversity;
 
Conscious that fragile ecosystems such as coral reefs, mountains, coastal areas and wetlands are particularly vulnerable to environmental degradation caused by the tourism industry;
 
Concerned that the tourism industry is an extremely intensive user of freshwater resources and an important contributor to COČ emissions via energy use in tourism-related transportation, and air-conditioning and heating of tourism facilities;
 
Recognising however, that the tourism industry can also significantly contribute to the conservation of the environment by protecting or rehabilitating natural habitats and resources on which the tourism industry depends. Furthermore tourism can also help raise the awareness of the local population to the financial and intrinsic value of natural sites, consequently motivating them to reclaim and protect their natural patrimony;
 
Welcoming initiatives such as eco-labelling, environmental awareness campaigns, tourists' education campaigns, taken by several tourism organisations in order to transform the tourism sector into a sustainable industry;
 
 
As members of parliament and members of GLOBE we reaffirm that tourism must take into account environmental and socio-cultural considerations in order to be sustainable and pledge:
 
To work towards the development of an integrated tourism policy that promotes sustainable economic and social development, particularly in developing countries, while minimising the negative impacts of tourism on the environment and host communities;
 
To support our governments, the civil society and the tourism industry in their efforts to promote sustainable tourism and environmental protection;
 
To initiate and support legislation that puts into place regulatory policies and systems of economic incentives and disincentives, which ensure that clear environmental goals and objectives are set for the tourism industry;
 
To contribute to a better knowledge and improved understanding of the benefits and burdens of tourism in environmental, social and economic terms;
 
To promote a co-ordinated policy approach involving parliamentarians, governments, civil society, the private sector, host communities and international organisations;
 
To support the development of tourism policies and strategies that:

- assure an equitable redistribution of tourism benefits,

- preserve the legacy, heritage and integrity of tourism destinations,

- respect the social and cultural norms of host societies,

- promote the empowerment of women,

- promote the development of core labour standards.